Dog Breeds

Affenpinscher

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As with many breeds, the Affenpinscher has no definitive history until around the 19th century in Germany. Here it is well documented that they were used as both companions and common working dogs....

Afghan Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Its true origins shrouded in mystery, the Afghan Hound was developed many centuries before dog breeding records were kept, and possibly even before the invention of writing.  There are many myths a...

Africanis

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Africanis is the original dog of Africa, a unique type shaped through the process of natural selection, not by human intervention or standardized breeding practices. The strong survived to...

Aidi

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Like many ancient breeds of dog, the true history of the Aidi is shrouded in some mystery. Many believe that it was the Phoenicians; an ancient civilization centered in the coastal regions of m...

Airedale Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Prior to the Airedale, the sporting men of Yorkshire used both the Rough Coated English Black and Tan Terrier and the Otter Hound for hunting fox, badger, weasel, otter, water rat, and other sm...

Akbash Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Akbash dog is considered to be an ancient breed that is believed to have originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent; a region in Western Asia that now includes the countries of Tu...

Akita

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Akita Inu

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Archaeological evidence in the form of dog prints found in pit houses from the Jomon period (8000 to 300 B.C) suggest that dogs were raised as pets inside homes as early as 3,000 years ago in w...

Alangu Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The origin of the Alangu Mastiff can be traced back to parts of Rajasthan, the Bhawalpur area of Punjab, and the desert area of Kutch. Although this breed is rare it is most commonly found in t...

Alano Espanol

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The name Alano Espanol as it is known today has become synonymous in many ways with the name Spanish Bulldog (Perro de Toro) and in most cases the terms are used interchangeably to refer to the...

Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Documented history and early American photographs provide sound evidence that a species of Bulldog resembling the Alapaha has existed in America for over two hundred years; mainly in small pock...

Alaskan Husky

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the Alaskan Husky starts with the numerous native village dogs of North America present in the region well prior to the arrival of the Europeans and Russians. During the Pre-Colu...

Alaskan Klee Kai

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  It was during the mid 1970’s, on a trip to Oklahoma with her husband to visit her in-laws that Mrs. Spurlin first came across the dog that would become her inspiration for the breed curre...

Alaskan Malamute

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Alaskan Malamute or “Mal” is a large, wolf-like ancient breed of domestic dog believed to be the oldest breed on the North American continent and probably the breed longest asso...

Alaunt

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  It is commonly thought that the Alaunt's primary ancestors are working dogs such as the Armenian Gampr Dog, the Sarmation Mastiff from the Caucasus and the Alabai from Central Asia. Shorthaired...

Alopekis

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Alopekis is believed to have gotten its name from the Greek “alopecis” which means small and fox like; a definition that would adequately encompass the majority of feral, semi-feral or tamed st...

Alpine Dachsbracke

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Known as Alpenlandische Dachsbracke in its native country of Austria, the Alpine Dachsbracke was specifically bred to assist hunters by tracking wounded deer, boar, hare and fox. At the time of...

American Akita

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Please see the Akita “Main Page” for the complete history of the breed.   The story of the American Akita (Great Japanese Dog –obsolete) truly begins with the famous auth...

American Alsatian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The History of the American Alsatian is almost entirely due to the work of Lois Denny. As a child  in 1969, after being followed home by a German Shepherd mix, she fell in love with the br...

American Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Because the American Bulldog and its ancestors developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding, there is much mystery surrounding its early ancestry.  What is clear is...

American Bully

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Until the 1990’s, the American Bully did not exist at all.  Its ancestors, however, have been very well known in the United States for almost two hundred years.  For many centur...

American Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Both the English and American Cocker Spaniel had identical histories up until around the 1930’s, at which time American breeders of the English type began to institute significant changes...

American English Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  It has been said that the history of the American English Coonhound is the history of all coonhounds.  While this is something of an exaggeration, the ancestry of this breed is very simila...

American Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The American Eskimo was developed from members of the Spitz type family of dogs, which in turn had been developed from early Nordic breeds only a few steps removed from the wolf. Around 4000 B.C. i...

American Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  For most of history, the preferred quarry of the English nobility was deer. Foxes on the other hand  were considered vermin, and hunting them less than noble, as such fox hunting was typically rese...

American Hairless Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The History of the American Hairless Terrier was identical to that of the Rat Terrier until the 1970’s.  Terriers were first developed in the British Isles at least several hundred y...

American Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
The American Mastiff as a unique breed was first developed between 20 and 25 years ago in Piketon, Ohio.  However, it can trace its lineage back many centuries through both of the breeds used in...

American Pit Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds for more information about the creation...

American Staffordshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds for more information about the creation Am...

American Water Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  References to Spaniel type dogs have historically been documented in early European records, and their early ancestors may have migrated into the European continent with nomadic hunter gatherers as...

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As early as 6000 years ago, a landrace of large sized, heavily boned domesticated dogs were living among humans.  The earliest duties of these canines were as hunting companions to man; however, as...

Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The History of the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie is mostly uncertain, as this breed was developed in an era before written records were kept of dog breeding.  What is clear is that this...

Antebellum Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the Antebellum Bulldog was only recently developed, it is a recreation of a much older breed.  The history of the Antebellum Bulldog can trace back to that of the Old English Bull...

Appenzeller Sennenhund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Very little is known for sure about the history of the Appenzeller Sennenhund as it was developed before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily kept in remote mountain vall...

Ariegeois

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Because the breed was developed so recently, most of the history of the Ariegeois is known reasonably well.  The Ariegeois is a member of the French scent hound family, a very large group...

Armant

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Armant was developed almost exclusively as a working dog in rural areas.  Combined with the fact that the breed was probably developed before accurate records were kept of most dog bre...

Armenian Gampr

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Evidence of this breed’s ancestors can be traced back to at least 7,000 and possibly as far as 15,000 B.C. Ancient petroglyphs (carvings or engravings on rocks), especially prevalent in the Geghama...

Artois Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Artois Hounds were developed in the 1400s to hunt foxes, hares, deer, and wild boar. In the hunt, Artois Hounds are used in small packs of six to eight dogs. This athletic breed is able to trav...

Australian Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the modern Australian Bulldog was only developed in the early 1990’s, the breed can trace its history to the Old English Bulldog, a breed with a very long history in England....

Australian Cattle Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the Australian Cattle Dog begins in 1802, when George Hall and his family immigrated to Australia from their home in the north of England.  The family moved to the recently...

Australian Kelpie

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Australian Kelpie was first recognized as a distinct breed beginning in the 1870’s, but its ancestors go back much further in time.  There is much debate over the true origin of the Kelpie, but...

Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  There are few breeds with as disputed a history as the Australian Shepherd.  The Australian Shepherd was largely developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding. ...

Australian Silky Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Silky Terrier shares its history with the Australian Terrier until the second half of the 1800’s.  At that time, Australia was becoming more prosperous and more urbanized.  Residents of the sev...

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The origin of the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a mystery, and a hotly debated one.  The breed was developed in extremely rural areas and was bred exclusively as a working dog.  These fac...

Australian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Australian Terrier is one of the oldest native Australian breeds.  Much of the development of the Australian Terrier was not recorded and has been lost to history.  However, a great deal can be...

Austrian Black and Tan Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Very little is known for sure about the history of the Austrian Black and Tan Hound.  The breed enters the written record in the mid-19th Century meaning that it has been in existence sinc...

Austrian Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Although not pure bred until the 20th Century, the Austrian Pinscher is a very old breed that can trace its origins back many centuries.  Paintings from the 1700’s show dogs that are...

Azawakh

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Azawakh was developed by nomadic tribes living in one of the most challenging places on Earth.  By necessity, these people traveled lightly, and consequently left behind few archaeological reco...

Bakharwal Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Since man began documenting his world through writing, painting, and sculpture; canine companions have been included in these written and visual records of the ancient world.  The primitiv...

Barbet

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the Barbet is lengthy and impressive; an ancient European Water Dog, the breed was developed in France, and referenced for centuries in European historical documentation.  A...

Basenji

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Basingi's agility, compact strength, speed, and silence, made them valued hunting dogs for the tribes who used them for pointing, retrieving, tracking wounded quarry, and driving game into...

Basset Artesien Normand

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  During the Middle Ages, hunting with hounds became tremendously popular among the nobility of Europe.  This sport became one of the most important, if not the most important, form of recreation enj...

Basset Bleu de Gascogne

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The French Revolution (1789–1799) was very damaging to the population of most French hunting breeds, leading to the eventual extinction of many.  However, the short-legged Basset Bleu de Gascogne w...

Basset Fauve de Bretagne

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, hunting with hounds became a popular sport among the European nobility.  Eventually, the hunt became a very important and stylized ritual, as well as bei...

Basset Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Hunting with hounds became a popular pastime among the European nobility during the Middle Ages.  The sport was important not only for entertainment, but also for the political and social...

Basset Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back
  The history of the Basset Hound prior to the late 1800’s when Basset Artesian Normands were introduced into England is somewhat obscure.  The earliest known description of a dog as b...

Bavarian Mountain Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Bavarian Mountain Hound is a relatively recently created breed which has only been in existence since the 1870’s.  However, the breed can trace its ancestry for many centuries....

Beagle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The true origin of the Beagle, like that of many ancient breeds has been forever lost to time. Shrouded in mystery, there is no shortage of theories to explain the birth of the breed. Some plac...

Beagle-Harrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
There is substantial disagreement about the history of the Beagle-Harrier.  Some say that it may have existed in France since the Late Middle Ages or Early Renaissance, while others claim that it...

Bearded Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  A native of Scotland, the Bearded Collie is considered to be one of the oldest of Scottish breeds, dating back to at least the 1600’s.  Collie is the Scottish word for sheepdog, and there are sever...

Beauceron

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In the early 1800s, large flocks of sheep were common in France; two Beaucerons could tend two-hundred to three-hundred head of sheep. A versatile and superior working dog, Beaucerons could both gu...

Bedlington Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The earliest documented account of a Terrier type dog resembling the Bedlington comes from 1702 when a Hungarian nobleman, Z. Molar, visiting Rothbury (where a large gypsy population resided in Rot...

Belgian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Records coming out of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, dating over 3000 years ago, indicate that dogs were kept to tend livestock even at this early time in pre-history. Pastoral themed vases fou...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Please see the main Belgian Shepherd Dog page for information on the history of the breed.    

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Belgian Lakenois is considered by many to be both the oldest and rarest of the Belgian Shepherd Dog varieties. Its roots are believed to trace back to the 1700’s where the Laekenois was used fo...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European countries, as well as in the United States, Canada and Australia, the Malinois can be found working in the fields of personal protection,...

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Please see the main Belgian Shepherd Dog page for information on the history of the breed.        

Bergamasco Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Professional Grooming May Be Required
Rarely
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Bergamasco is a very ancient breed, and almost nothing is known for certain of its origins, as it was developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily kept by r...

Berger Picard

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Berger Picard is one of the oldest of all European herding breeds and is almost certainly the oldest from France.  Because this dog was developed hundreds of years before written recor...

Bernese Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years

Bernese Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Brushing Once a Week or Less
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  It is difficult to decipher the true origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog as this is an old breed that was developed in a time well before written records of dog breeding were kept. Adding further c...

Bichon Frise

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  There are very few breeds whose origin is as disputed as that of the Bichon Frise.  There are two commonly suggested origin theories for this breed, and a third less commonly suggested the...

Billy

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The King’s White Dog, the Chien Blanc du Roy was the ancestor to the Billy and the breeds that make up its early lineage.  The King’s White Dogs were used as pack hunters by th...

Bisben

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Almost nothing is known for sure about the history of the Bisben.  All that is clear is that it was developed in the Himalaya Mountains, probably within Indian national borders, and that i...

Black and Tan Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  When European settlers first arrived in the America’s they brought their trusted canine companions with them.  Settlers from different nations brought breeds popular in their home countries.  For e...

Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Rarely
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound can trace its ancestry back to several other breeds of pack hunting scenthounds.  During the Middle Ages, hunting with packs of dogs became one of the p...

Black Norwegian Elkhound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The History of the Black Norwegian Elkhound was identical to that of the Norwegian Elkhound until the early 1800’s.  In the early 1800’s, a group of Norwegian Elkhound breeders...

Black Russian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  In the early part of the 20th century, following the Russian Revolution, the future of many purebred native dogs in Russia was bleak.  Many Russian breeds had been slaughtered during the revolt, an...

Blackmouth Cur

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  In truth, no one really knows where or how the Black Mouth Cur was developed.  All that is known for sure is that these dogs were developed in the Southern United States as general purpose...

Bleu de Gascognes

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Of the many breeds of French hunting hound, either surviving or extinct, few are as revered as the Bleu de Gascogne.  One of the oldest purebred dogs in the world, the Bleu de Gascogne has...

Bloodhound

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Bloodhounds were one of the first dogs to be carefully bred according to a standard.  Bloodhounds are probably one of the oldest breeds of dogs to originate in Europe.  The origin of...

Blue Lacy

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Most of the exact details of the Blue Lacy’s history have been lost to time, but canine historians and breed fanciers have been able to piece together the general line of events.  Th...

Blue Paul Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Almost nothing is known with certainty about the Blue Paul Terrier.  The dog’s origins and eventual fate are shrouded in mystery.  Legend holds that around 1770, the Scottish-born American sailor,...

Bluetick Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  When European settlers arrived in America, they brought their dogs along with them.  Europeans had been exhibiting sophisticated dog breeding for many centuries, and had developed many recognizable...

Boerboel

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Boerboel was first developed in a time when few records were kept of dog breeding, and was primarily developed by working farmers in remote areas.  As a result, much of its ancestry is shrouded...

Bohemian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective
  Almost nothing is known for sure about the history of the Bohemian Shepherd because the breed was developed many centuries prior to the keeping of written records of dog breeding and in any cas...

Bolognese

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Bolognese is a very old breed, so old that it was developed many centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, it is almost impossible to make any definitiv...

Border Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Prior to the late 1800’s the history of the Border Collie is a mystery.  It was during this time that the various modern Collie breeds began to diverge from the landraces and random bred dogs that...

Border Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Border Terrier is a small rough coated breed originally developed as a fox and vermin hunter in and around the Cheviot Hills between England and Scotland. This region, which included what is no...

Borzoi

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Borzoi has always been closely associated with the Russian nobility.  These dogs hunted wolves and other game alongside their masters for many centuries.  Although it is generally agreed that t...

Bosnian Coarse-haired Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The history of the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound is shrouded in mystery, and very little is known with certainly about this dog’s ancestry.  All that is known for sure is that the bree...

Boston Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Boston Terrier is a relatively modern creation whose early breeders kept very close records and as a result of their diligent records keeping considerably more is known about the ancestry of th...

Bouvier des Ardennes

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Very little is known with certainty about the history of the Bouvier des Ardennes.  This breed was probably developed prior to the time that written records were kept of dog breeding, and...

Bouvier des Flandres

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the Bouvier des Flandres is among the most disputed of all dogs.  There are dozens of different theories as to its origin, and there is very little evidence to support them....

Boxer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although the Boxer is a relatively modern creation, not having been standardized into the modern breed until the last years of the 19th Century, the breed’s ancestors are several hundred, and perha...

Boykin Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The official state dog of South Carolina, the Boykin Spaniel boasts that status of being the only dog originally bred for South Carolina hunters by South Carolinians.   His exact line...

Bracco Italiano

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Bracco Italiano is one of the oldest gun dogs in the world, and may very well be the oldest of all.  Because this breed was developed centuries before written records were kept of dog...

Braque d'Auvergne

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Braque d’Auvergne was developed in an era prior to the keeping of written records of dog breeding.  As a result, much of its early history has been lost to time.  What is kn...

Braque de l'Ariege

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Braque de l’Ariege was first developed in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.  The breed was almost exclusively developed in the Pyrenees Mountains and foothills of Southern...

Braque du Bourbonnais

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Braque du Bourbonnais is one of the oldest of all pointing breeds.  This dog was developed no later than 1598, when descriptions of the breed begin to appear in French hunting and cult...

Braque du Puy

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Very little is known for sure about the origins of the Braque du Puy, and most of what is claimed is little more than rumor and suspicion.  What is clear is that the dog originated in Fran...

Braque Francais

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Very little is known for sure about the origin of the Braque Francais, as it was developed prior to a time when written records were kept of dog breeding.  All that is known for sure is th...

Braque Francais (Gascogne)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

Braque Francais (Pyrenees)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

Braque Saint-Germain

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Braque Saint-Germain was first developed in the early 1800’s, although its ancestors can be traced back many centuries.  The Braque Saint-Germain is the result of crossing the En...

Brazilian Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although the Brazilian Terrier was entirely developed within Brazil, most of its ancestors came from Europe.  The breed’s first ancestors may have arrived with the earliest Portugues...

Briard

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The breed was not called “Briard” until around 1809. Prior to that time they were known as “Chien d’Aubry”, Chien d’Montargis”, and, most commonly as “Chien Berger de Brie” or “Chien de Brie”. Bria...

Briquet Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Briquet Griffon Vendeen, or Medium Griffon Vendeen, is the direct descendant of the Grand Griffon Vendeen.  The large Grand Griffon Vendeen was used to hunt large game such as wolves and boar. ...

Brittany Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Brittany was developed in a very rural and remote region of France prior to the start of this century, and almost no verifiable information about its development has survived.  This means that...

Broholmer

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Broholmer was first developed centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding, and as a result it is impossible to anything about its origins with much certainty.  However,...

Bruno Jura Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years

Brussels Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Brussels Griffon is a native of Belgium, and is named for Brussels, the capital of that nation.  This breed has been gradually developed over several centuries with ancestors extending back sev...

Bucovina Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Bucovina Shepherd Dog was developed before written records were commonly kept of dog breeding, and has bred by mostly illiterate farmers in one of Europe’s most remote regions. ...

Bull and Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The history of the Bull and Terrier is somewhat obscure, but the dog can trace its roots in Britain for thousands of years on both the Terrier and Bulldog side.  Almost nothing is known for sure ab...

Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The story of how the Bull Terrier came into existence begins in the middle ages, with the sport of baiting.  This is a blood sport in which a game dog is pitted against a confined animal in order t...

Bull Terrier (Miniature)

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Descended from dogs known to be fierce gladiators in the fighting arena, the Miniature Bull Terrier has a long and dignified past.  Although the breed has a much more gentle temperament now than it...

Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The history of few breeds is as disputed as that of the Bulldog.  The Bulldog was created in an era where records of dog breeding did not exist, and was primarily kept by men who were very likely t...

Bullenbeisser

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Not much is known for sure about the early history of the Bullenbeisser, but the breed had a very long history in the lands of the Holy Roman Empire, a conglomeration of thousands of different...

Bullmastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Bullmastiff is a relatively young breed, although its primary ancestors are quite old.  The Bullmastiff is the result of crosses between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldog.  These...

Bully Breeds

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the bully breeds began in 1835.  In that year, the British Parliament passed the Cruelty to Animals Act.  This act banned two of the most popular sports in England, Bea...

Bully Kutta

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Please visit the Alangu Mastiff page for more history about this breed.   Like the Alangu Mastiff the Bully Kutta breed is also known as the Pakistani Mastiff, Indian Mastiff and Sindhi Ma...

Cairn Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The ancestors of the Cairn Terrier roamed Scotland for centuries; these “Earth Dogs”, as the word Terrier translates, were valued for their gameness (their fearlessness and toughness in fighting),...

Canaan Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the Canaan Dog can be traced back as early as 2200 B.C. at which point it disappears from history just to reappear again in the mid 1930's, this time called the Pariah Dog. ...

Canadian Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a truly ancient breed, and along with the Alaskan Malamute and Carolina Dog is probably the oldest breed native to North America.  The Canadian Eskimo Dog was de...

Canadian Pointer

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A

Cane Corso

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although the breed’s ancestry is very ancient, the Cane Corso as we know it today did not start to take shape until the 1970’s and 1980’s.  Originally used to described a type of dog rather than a...

Cao da Serra de Aires

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Cao da Serra de Aires is thought to be a relatively recently developed breed, but its history is actually quite mysterious.  No one is fully certain how the breed was created, but ther...

Cao de Castro Laboreiro

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective
  The history of the Cao de Castro Laboreiro is a great mystery.  Even the Portuguese Kennel Club states that anything written about the breed’s origins is pure conjecture and speciali...

Cao Fila de San Miguel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Most of the history of the Cao Fila de Sao Miguel is unknown.  This is because the breed developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding and that it was exclusively kept by...

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Known informally as Cardigans, Cardigan Welsh Corgis, as the name implies, begin their history with the Corgis proper. Though thought to be Cousins, the Cardigan and the Pembroke are actually t...

Carolina Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Carolina Dog has only entered the written record within the last 40 years when it was first noticed by scientists.  As a result, it is impossible to say anything with certainty about t...

Carpathian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Almost nothing is known with certainty about the origins of the Carpathian Shepherd Dog.  Not only was this breed developed centuries, and perhaps millennia, before written records were ke...

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In 1926, the American Roswell Eldridge became interested in restoring the original variety of English Toy Spaniel.  He created a prize at the Cruft’s Dog Show of that year.  He planned to award 25...

Central Asian Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Almost nothing is known for certainty about the origins and early history of this breed.  These dogs were kept almost exclusively by nomadic herdsmen who left few if any archaeological rem...

Cesky Fousek

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In the land that is presently known as the Czech Republic, an ancient kingdom called the Kingdom of Bohemia existed.  It is here that the Cesky Fousek breed would see its genesis.  An...

Cesky Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the Scottish Terrier goes back centuries, and with a breed as aged as the Scottie, there is little documentation about its precise origins.  What is known however is that th...

Chart Polski (Polish Greyhound)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Most of the Chart Polski’s origins are a complete mystery.  The Chart Polski was developed prior to a time that written records were kept of dog breeding or dog history, meaning that...

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The most widely accepted version of the Chesapeake Bay Retrievers history is that two Newfoundland dogs, a male and a female, originally destined for importation into England, were rescued alon...

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Chien Francais Blanc et Orange

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Chien Francais Tricolore

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Chien Gris

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Very little is known for sure about the Chien Gris.  It was developed in an era long before written records were kept of dog breeding, and almost all of the few records which existed were...

Chihuahua

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Most of the Chihuahua’s history has been lost in time, as this breed was developed in an era before written records of dog breeding were kept, and quite possibly prior to the advent of writing in P...

Chilean Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  The Chilean Fox Terrier was first developed in the 19th Century by crossing two very different groups of dogs, the Fox Terriers of Britain and native Chilean dogs.  It is unclear exactly w...

Chinese Chongqing Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next
  Although dogs are very frequently depicted in Chinese artwork, they are very rarely mentioned in Chinese literature.  Even more problematic is the fact that until very recently, there was...

Chinese Crested Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Very little is known about the ancestry of the Chinese Crested Dog. The breed having been created long before organized records of dog breeding was kept.  Additionally, Chinese breeders have tradit...

Chinese Imperial Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  There are two competing theories as to the Chinese Imperial Dog’s history.  The Chinese Imperial Dog Club of America (CIDCA) and many breed fanciers insist that this breed has existe...

Chinook

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next
  Developed during the 20th Century, more of the Chinook’s history is definitely known than is the case with most breeds, though a series of disasters and breeder actions has somewhat obscured it.  T...

Chippiparai

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  In India, dog breeders have focused entirely on working ability until the last 50 years or so, especially in the case of working dogs.  Pedigree and pure blood was a very small concern if...

Chow Chow

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Although historical and archaeological records of the Chow Chow date back nearly 2,000 years, almost nothing is known for certain about the origins of the Chow Chow other than the fact that the bre...

Cierny Sery

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Cierny Sery is a very recently developed breed that has only been truly distinguished from other similar breeds since the 1980’s.  The Cierny Sery was developed largely by the Cz...

Cimarron Uruguayo

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Cimarron Uruguayo was first developed hundreds of years before written records were kept of dog breeding, and spent most of its history as a feral dog.  This means that most of the bre...

Cirneco dell'Etna

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Cirneco dell’Etna is a very ancient breed, first appearing hundreds, and most likely thousands, of years ago.  It was developed in an era long before written records were kept of dog breeding a...

Clumber Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
   One of the more colorful, and romantic tales of the origin of the Clumber Spaniel is of a clandestine escape across the English Channel.  This theory being that the Clumber Spaniel b...

Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Modern Cocker Spaniel descends from the Spaniel breed; with the word spaniel basically meaning “Spaniard” or “dog of Spain”.  The name Spaniel gives homage to t...

Combai

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next
  The Combai was developed long before written records were kept of Indian dog breeding, and most of the breed’s history has been lost to time.  In fact, almost anything that is said a...

Cordoba Fighting Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The history of the Cordoba Fighting Dog began during Argentina’s colonial period.  When the Spanish were subjugating the many Native American peoples found throughout Latin America, where they made...

Coton de Tulear

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Coton de Tulear was first developed before written records were kept of dog breeding and most of its early history has been lost to time.  Nobody knows for sure how the Coton de Tulear...

Cretan Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Cretan Hound was developed many centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding, and most of its history has been lost to time.  Almost anything said about the breed’s...

Croatian Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Written records of the Croatian Sheepdog date back as early as 1374. Dr. Stjepan Romic, a professor and veterinarian, discovered these early documents stored in the archives of the Djakova Dioc...

Cumberland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  One reason for the Cumberland Sheepdogs possible absorption into the Border Collie may relate to its region of prominence. Throughout the early and mid part of the 19th century the Cumberland S...

Curly Coated Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Credited as being an English native, one theory is that the Curly Coated Retriever was originally developed from the sixteenth-century English Water Spaniel and from the Retrieving Setter. Othe...

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  More is known about the ancestry of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog than the vast majority of breeds because the dog was developed in the middle of the 20th Century, and its initial development was...

Dachshund

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Dachshund is a unique product of superb engineering and is recognized as the only AKC breed that hunts both above and below ground. It also comes in more classifications, varieties and colo...

Dalmatian

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next
  Much has been speculated about the history of this breed, but in truth almost nothing is known for certain. What is known is that they are not the first of their kind as spotted dogs have been foun...

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The early history of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and most other terriers, remains a mystery, as these dogs existed long before written records of dog breeding were kept, and they have long been...

Danish Swedish Farmdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Widespread throughout Sweden and Denmark when small family farms were the norm, the Danish Swedish Farmdog served as a watch dogs, herder, fox hunter, ratter, companion, and even entertainer. D...

Deutscher Jagdterrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Pride, perfection, and purity—these notions were integral to Germany’s obsession with nationalism at that time in history. Combined with a fascination for genetic engineering and Ad...

Doberman Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although the Doberman Pinscher is a relatively new breed, there is still a significant amount of mystery surrounding its origin.  However, it is certain that this breed was created in the final dec...

Dogo Argentino

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Dogo Argentino was the result of a carefully planned and executed breeding program conducted by Antonio Nores Martinez and his brother Agustin.  Because the pair kept excellent records and thei...

Dogo Cubano

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+
LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Dogo Cubano was a member of a large family of dogs collectively known as the Mastiffs, Molossers, Dogues, or Alaunts.  This family is one of the oldest groups of domestic dogs, althoug...

Dogo Guatemalteco

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Dogo Guatemalteco is a comparatively recently developed breed, but there is a substantial amount of dispute as to its actual origins.  Some sources claim that the breed was first devel...

Dogo Sardesco

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The history of the Dogo Sardesco is shrouded in mystery.  This is a very ancient breed that was developed many centuries, and perhaps several millennia, before written records were first k...

Dogue de Bordeaux

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Although only standardized into its modern form in the early part of the 20th Century, the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest of all French breeds.  This breed was developed in an era long befo...

Drentse Patrijshond

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Drentse Patrijshond was developed in an era before written records were kept of dog breeding; so much of its history remains a mystery. However, a substantial amount of information can be i...

Drever

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Drever is a very recently developed breed, and its history is much better known than that of most breeds.  The Drever can trace its origins back to the 1910’s and the 1920’...

Dunker

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Dunker is a relatively recently created breed, and we know more about its ancestry than is the case with many dogs.  As is the case with breeds such as the German Shepherd Dog and the...

Dutch Smoushond

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Most of the history of the Dutch Smoushond has been lost to time, and large portions of this breed’s origins will probably forever remain a mystery.  Almost anything that is said is...

East Siberian Laika

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the exact origins of Spitz type dogs are unknown, it is believed that all dogs of this type present today originated in arctic regions. Genetic testing of Spitz type dogs has found tha...

East-European Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The history of the East-European Shepherd begins with World War I.  In 1914, the heir to the Austrian Throne, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated by the Serbian independence act...

English Cocker Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The first Cocker Spaniel shown in a dog show was in 1859 in Birmingham, England.  However, in England, The Cocker Spaniel was still considered a “functional breed” not recognized as a specific bree...

English Foxhound

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Dogs resembling modern hound breeds have long been present in what is now England.  For example, there is some evidence to suggest that the origins of the Beagle go back to Pre-Roman Celti...

English Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective
  The Mastiff is perhaps the oldest British dog breed, and the one for which the greatest amount of historical evidence exists.  This breed has been present in England for many centuries, and perhaps...

English Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The English Setter is a very old breed, and was created in an era before organized records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, much of this breed’s history has been lost in time, and much of w...

English Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Very little is known with certainty about the history of the English Shepherd as this breed has always been kept primarily by family farmers who were unlikely to write about their dogs.  H...

English Springer Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although this breed has continued to develop over time, and modern dogs are substantially different than older ones, The English Springer Spaniel is a very old breed.  Most dog experts agree that t...

English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

English Water Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The English Water Spaniel was one of the oldest of all Spaniel breeds.  The Spaniels are a group of gundogs characterized by long, feathered coats, small to medium size, and a keen nose....

English White Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Although the English White Terrier did not exist as a distinct breed until the 19th Century, its ancestors can trace their roots in England back many centuries, and possibly millennia.  According t...

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As is the case with many old breeds, most of the history of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog has been lost to time.  This is especially true of this breed, as the Entlebucher Mountain Dog was...

Epagneul Bleu de Picardie

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Epagneul Bleu de Picardie did not develop as a unique breed until the early years of the 20th Century, but can trace its origins back many centuries farther than that.  Epagneul is one...

Estonian Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Estonian Hound is a very recently developed breed, and its history is very well-documented.  The history of this breed begins in the early 20th Century.  Estonia had been occupied...

Estrela Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Rarely
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As is the case with most Portuguese breeds, the ancestry of the Estrela Mountain Dog is shrouded in mystery.  This dog was developed centuries before written records were kept of dog breed...

Eurasier

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Eurasier is one of the most recently developed breeds to achieve widespread international recognition.  Because careful breeding records have been kept of the Eurasier since it was fir...

Field Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Field Spaniel is thought to have been bred, early on with other Spaniel types such as the Irish Water Spaniel, the Norfolk Spaniel, and the English Springer Spaniel. Originally, the Field S...

Fila Brasileiro

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Fila Brasileiro was developed in an era before written records were kept of dog breeding and was primarily kept in remote areas of tropical forest.  As a result, most of the details of...

Finnish Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Finnish Hound is of somewhat uncertain ancestry.  The breed’s forebears were developed before written records were kept of dog breeding, so little is known for sure about them....

Finnish Lapphund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Almost nothing is known about the origins of the Finnish Lapphund.  This breed was first developed hundreds of years before literacy entered the region of its origins, and in any case it w...

Finnish Spitz

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Spitz type dog breeds are some of the oldest domesticated dogs in the world.  Archaeological evidence in the form of skeletal remains, suggests that there were early ancestors of the Spitz type in...

Flat-Coated Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Flat-Coated Retriever is believed to have been developed during the early part of the 19th century in response to the increasing popularity of wildfowling and waterfowling. Sports that gain...

Formosan Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Formosan Mountain Dog was first developed centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding, and very little is known for sure about its ancestry.  What is clear is that this...

French Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The first of what would become the French Bulldog originated in 19th century England.  Lace makers (used to make tablecloths and doilies and in both men's and women's clothing) in Nottingham decide...

German Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  As early man began to dominate the landscape through technological advances, coupled with the advent of agriculture, he would cease his nomadic hunter gatherer wanderings. This change in the cu...

German Shorthaired Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The German Shorthaired Pointer, in the form as it exists today is a relatively new creation, although it is descended from much older breeds. The breeds ancestors were originally kept by sportsmen...

German Wirehaired Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The German Wirehaired Pointer is a recently developed breed, whose origins only go back to the latter half of the 19th Century.  Despite the breeds relatively short history, much of ancestry is deb...

Giant Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  It is most likely that the Bear Schnauzer (the alleged ancestor of the Giant Schnauzer) was a cross between the Old German Shepherd Dog (Altdeutsche Schäferhunde) and the Standard Schnauzer.  Whate...

Glen of Imaal Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Glen of Imaal Terrier’s story begins in the 16th century with Queen Elizabeth I, the queen regnant of England and Ireland, who in the 1570’s sought a way to maintain order in tu...

Golden Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Golden Retrievers have become one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States today; ranking 5th on the AKC’s list of “Most popular dogs in the U.S. for 2010”.  D...

Gordon Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Gordon Setter is named for the Fourth Duke of Gordon, who was a great admirer of the breed and operated a major kennel out of his castle.  Although their method of hunting is substantially diff...

Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
    Since this breed is considered to be a member of a group of simimliar dogs that developed on around the same time, for more information about this breeds history please refer to history...

Grand Bleu de Gascogne

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Unlike the vast majority of French hounds, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne has developed a following outside of its native country.  The breed has long had a small but dedicated following in th...

Grand Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  The Grand Griffon Vendeen has been highly influential in the development of other dog breeds.  The breed is the direct ancestor of the Briquet Griffon Vendeen and both Basset Griffon Vende...

Great Dane

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Great Dane was developed many centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, virtually nothing is known for sure about its ancestry.  Many have attempte...

Great Pyrenees

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Many dog fanciers assume that all large European livestock guardians are Mastiffs, also known as Mollossers.  As a result, for many years the Great Pyrenees was assumed to have been brought to the...

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a very old breed, whose exact origins are unknown.  What we do know is that the breed was definitely created in Switzerland many centuries ago, and that it is clos...

Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  So what is the exact origin of the Greyhound? No one is really sure, although this breed is most commonly  referenced as being of Egyptian decent dating back to 2200 B.C  through Egyp...

Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Griffon Vendeen is a type of French hunting hound distinguished by its wiry coat.  There are two varieties of the Griffon Vendeen, which are usually considered separate breeds, the Gra...

Gull Dong

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The two breeds that were crossed to create the Gull Dong are also the ones with which they are most often confused, the Gull Terr (aka Pakistani Bull Terrier) and the Bully Kutta, known also as Ind...

Harrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  There are few breeds of dogs which have a history that is as unknown and disputed as that of the Harrier.  Much of what is said is pure speculation with almost no basis in fact.  Part of the confus...

Havanese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Havanese is of relatively recent origin, but its immediate ancestor, the Blanquito de la Habana, was quite old.  While little of the history of the history of the Havanese is known pre...

Hawaiian Poi Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The Hawaiian Poi Dog arrived first arrived in the Hawaiian Islands with the first Polynesian settlers, who first arrived on Hawaii’s shores sometime between 300 and 800 A.D.  The Hawaiian Poi Dog w...

Hokkaido Dog

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Ibizan Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Much of what is now said about the history of the Ibizan Hound is almost completely devoid of historical or archaeological evidence.  What is known for sure is that the breed developed on the Balea...

Icelandic Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  History shows that the Icelandic Sheepdog is descended from one of the most ancient and earliest of domesticated dog breeds.  Although very little documentation exists from the time when Iceland fi...

Irish Red and White Setter

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In ancient times, historical information was not always recorded and therefore, a true and complete historical account of the creation and development of the Irish Red and White Setter is non-e...

Irish Setter

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Irish Setter is one of four breeds of Setter, along with the Gordon Setter of Scotland, the English Setter of England, and the Irish Red and White Setter.  The Irish Setter is a relatively old...

Irish Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Long before they entered dog show competition, Irish Terriers could be found spread far and wide throughout all of Ireland; this included Northern Ireland where many families or villages kept their...

Irish Water Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  What is known for sure is that the Irish Water Spaniel is of very ancient ancestry.  Roman ruins show evidence of a similar dog, and the lineage of the breed may include the Portuguese Wat...

Irish Wolfhound

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Depending on who you believe, the Irish Wolfhound’s history may go back thousands of years or less than 200.  All dog experts agree that the Irish have possessed a massive sight hound breed for unt...

Italian Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  While it is true that much is said of the history of the Italian Greyhound, the truth is little of it can be backed up with fact.  What is known is that the Italian Greyhound is likely one of the o...

Jack Russell Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  For detailed information regarding the ancient history and origin of the Jack Russell Terrier please see the History section of the Parson Russell Terrier for more information.   The Jack...

Japanese Chin

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Japanese Chin was first introduced to the West as a result of Japan.  While the breed was developed and refined in that nation, its original ancestors were native to China.  For many centuries,...

Jura Type Saint Hubert Hound

BREED BASICS
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years

Karelian Bear Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Karelian Bear Dog is said to have originated with the Vikings alongside several other varieties of Spitz-type dogs for use as a hunting dog in Karelian region of Northern Europe; an area curren...

Karelo-Finnish Laika

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the exact origin of Spitz type dogs are unknown, it is believed that all dogs of this type present today originated in arctic regions. Genetic testing of Spitz type dogs has found that dog...

Keeshond

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Keeshond breed is descended from comparable ancient strains of dogs that produced many other modern Spitz breeds including the Samoyed, the Husky breeds, the Chow Chow, the Finnish Spitz, the P...

Kerry Blue Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Kerry Blue, like most Terrier breeds, was first used by the poor—the dog of farmers and peasants—who could not afford to keep several different dog breeds, each for a specified purpose. Nor cou...

King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The name Spaniel comes from the French term, “Chiens des l’Espagnol,” which translates to, “dogs of the Spaniard.”  Because of their name, it is commonly assumed that Spaniels originated in either...

Komondor

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Written records of the Komondor have only been found from the last few centuries, with the earliest dating back to 1544.  However, there is an almost universal belief that the breed is sig...

Kuri

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The Kuri was a descendant of the ancient Polynesian dogs, much like the Maori were descendants of the ancient Polynesian peoples.  The history of the breed began with the domestication of...

Kuvasz

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Much of the history of the Kuvasz has been lost in time.  This breed is so ancient that it certainly predates the keeping of dog breeding records, and may even predate the invention of writing.  Th...

Labrador Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  It is believed that direct ancestor to the Labrador Retriever, the St. John's Water Dog was developed alongside the fishing industry starting as early as the 1500’s. However, since accura...

Lakeland Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Terrier breeds have a long and noble history, complete with legends of gallantry and conquest.  These dogs were brave little warriors with reputations for being fearless and supreme hunters.  B...

Lhasa Apso

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Probably one of the most ancient of all dog breeds, the Lhasa Apso was created in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the advent of writing; as such al...

Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Many claims are made about the history of the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog, but the truth is that essentially nothing is known for sure about the true origins of this breed.  This dog w...

Lowchen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Lowchen fanciers claim the breed definitively existed as early as 1434, noting the appearance of what appears to be a Lowchen in the painting “The Arnolfini Marriage” by Jan van Eyc...

Lucernese Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years

Maltese

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Maltese is one of the oldest known dog breeds, and possibly the oldest surviving European breed.  The Maltese was not only created long before organized records of dog breeding were ke...

Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Terriers have a long history in the British Isles, from where these dogs undoubtedly originated.  The word Terrier comes from the French and Latin terre and terrarius, both meaning earth or ground....

Medium Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  For more information please visit the "Poodle" main page.      

Mexican Hairless Dog ( Xoloitzcuintli )

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Hairlessness occurs in almost every species of mammal and is considered one of the most common spontaneous gene mutations. Only one Xolo, out of any given litter of four to five puppies, is bor...

Miniature Australian Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next
  The history of the Miniature Australian Shepherd began in the late 1960’s.  During those years, a horse fancier in Norco, California named Doris Cordova began to notice that a number of Australian...

Miniature Dachshund Long-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Numerous theories exist as to the origin of the Longhaired Dachshund variety, each slightly different than the next with no definitive evidence as to which one is actually correct. What we do k...

Miniature Dachshund Smooth-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The predominant theory regarding the origin of the Miniature, Dwarf and Rabbit Dachshunds is that Standard Smooth Dachshunds were bred with toy terriers or pinschers to reduce their size.  In G...

Miniature Dachshund Wire-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The exact origin of the Wirehaired Dachshund can not be precisely traced, although the most commonly excepted theory regarding the development of the Wirehaired Dachshund is that Smooth Dachsh...

Miniature Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  The Miniature Pinscher is certainly an old breed, and has been a resident of Germany for at least 200 years.  Because this breed was created before organized records of dog breeding were kept, much...

Miniature Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  For more in depth history please visit the "Poodle" main page.   Although it is not directly known what the Standard Poodle was bred with in order to reach the compact size of the Miniature Poodl...

Miniature Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
    The Miniature Schnauzer was initially created by taking the smallest examples of the Standard Schnauzer and then crossing these dogs with similar breeds of a smaller size. Exactly what breeds we...

Molossus

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The History of the Molossus begins with the Molossi tribe of Epirus.  Epirus was an ancient region located in parts of modern day Greece, Macedonia, Albania, and Montenegro.  The region was inhabit...

Moscow Water Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: N/A
LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Following the chaos and destruction of the Russian Revolution of 1917, which included a civil war between the "Red" (Bolshevik), and "White" (anti-Bolshevik) factions, the d...

Mucuchies

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Spaniards first landed in what eventually became Venezuela in 1498, on Christopher Columbus’ third journey to the Americas. Like many invaders, the Spanish brought their dogs with them wh...

Mudhol Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Accompanying early traders, mercenaries, and invaders, the Mudhol Hounds ancestors came from central and western Asia, arriving in India via the mountainous Khybur Pass. A key trade and militar...

Murray River Curly Coated Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  What we do know is that the development of this Murray River Curley Coated Retriever, like many others was fueled by a need. The need at the time was for a reliable retrieving breed with plenty...

Neapolitan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Neapolitan Mastiff is a member of a group of dogs commonly known as Molossers or Mastiff-type dogs.  This group contains a large number of breeds from many countries, and is one of the most anc...

Newfoundland Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As controversial as they are varied; over the years several popular theories have arisen to explain the appearance of the large black dog on the island of Newfoundland. The first and probably l...

Norfolk Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The Norfolk Spaniel is considered one of the breeds that is most similar to the very first Spaniel to reside in the British Isles.  The Spaniels are a group of gun dogs known for their sma...

North Country Beagle

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Very little is known for sure about the North Country Beagle.  The breed was almost never the topic of writing, usually appearing in written records only to distinguish it from the Souther...

Norwegian Buhund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Norwegian Buhund is one of the oldest Nordic breeds and a Spitz-type sheepherding dog, notable for its prick ears and tail that curl across its back. Nordic Spitz-type breeds are thought to...

Norwegian Elkhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Believed by many to be one of the oldest dog breeds, the Norwegian Elkhound has been present in Scandinavia since the earliest known records of the area as a fearless and loyal hunter of big and da...

Norwich Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The name terrier is from the Latin word terra meaning earth. These dogs did the dirty work, pulling their prey out from underground when necessary. In The Sportsman’s Repository by John S...

Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Like many other retriever breeds the early history and development of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was never documented which does leave a lot to speculation and like many breeds whos...

Old English Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
Perhaps no dog breed has as disputed a history as the Old English Bulldog.  Although a great deal is said about its ancestry, much of the information is conflicting, and there is almost no solid evide...

Old English Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  In previous centuries there were few, if any, records kept of dog breeds; especially those breeds that were not kept by the nobility for hunting or companionship; therefore little solid evidence fo...

Old German Shepherd Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In Germany prior to the 1890’s, any dog used for the purpose of herding and protecting sheep was known as a “German Shepherd Dog”. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, shepherding was a relati...

Otterhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Most try to date the Otterhound (as a breed) back to the time of King John (of Magna Carta fame), the King of England from 1199-1216 and who is reported to have hunted with a packs of these dog...

Pachon Navarro

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The original Old Spanish Pointer was developed on either side of the Pyrenees Mountains in the 1200s. Although few written references can be found from the first couple of centuries of their ex...

Paisley Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The Paisley Terrier was developed from the Skye Terrier in the 19th Century, but its history in the British Isles can be traced back much farther.  According to the Oxford English Dictiona...

Papillon

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Papillon is a very old breed, and is in fact one of the oldest known European breeds.  It is generally believed that the Papillon is between 700 and 800 years old, this assertion being based up...

Parson Russell Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Jack Russell Terrier was a type rather than a breed for the vast majority of the dog’s history.  These dogs were initially created by the Reverend John Russell to assist him in hunting foxes. ...

Pekingese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back
  The Pekingese was created many centuries before organized records were kept of dog breeding, so most of the early history of the breed has been lost in time.  However, much can be assumed and inter...

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Pembroke Welsh Corgis, as the name implies, begin their history with the Corgis proper. Though thought to be Cousins, the Cardigan and the Pembroke are actually two distinct lines, with Pembrokes d...

Peruvian Inca Orchid

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Everyday
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Virtually nothing is known with certainty about the origins of the Peruvian Inca Orchid.  This breed was developed over a thousand years ago by a people who, despite their many impressive cultural...

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  For the majority of its existence the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen was considered to be one in the same with the Grand Basset Griffon, and both breeds were generically referred to as theBasset...

Petit Bleu de Gascogne

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Like many large French Hounds, the Petit Bleu de Gascogne’s numbers suffered as a result of the French Revolution and both World Wars.  However, the breed has always been highly valu...

Phalene

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

Pharaoh Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  While there are many that claim to know the true origin of this ancient breed, the truth is that the Pharaoh Hound was created centuries before dog breeding records were kept and quite possibly eve...

Plott Hound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Plott Hound, although possessing an old and noble lineage, has a well documented history of its specific genesis and development. The story of the Plott Hound  begins in Germany, with five Hano...

Pointer

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
    The Pointer is a very old breed, and it was created in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, most of its origins have been lost to time, and this breed’s true hi...

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Thought to have descended from one or more of the Tibetan dog breeds, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog may have been developed from either the intentional or unintentional breeding of dogs such as t...

Pomeranian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  A member of the ancient Spitz type, the Pomeranian was created in an era well before records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the invention writing.  As a result, much of its anc...

Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Contrary to the common belief that the Standard Poodle originated from France, it actually originated from Germany around the 17th century.  The German word for Poodle is “Pudel...

Portuguese Podengo

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Portuguese Podengo was developed long before written records of dog breeding were kept, meaning that very little of this breed’s ancestry is known with certainty.  This situation is exacerbated...

Portuguese Water Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  A very ancient breed, the Portuguese Water Dog has definitely existed for many centuries, and is quite possibly thousands of years old.  The first written record of the breed dates from 1297, when...

Pug

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Pug’s history is something of a mystery.  These dogs have long been associated with the nobility of both the Netherlands and England, but most agree that these dogs were originally native to Ch...

Puli

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Much of the history of the Puli has been shrouded in mystery.  The breed originated in a time before written records of dog breeding and development were kept.  The breed’s uniq...

Pumi

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Pumi is an ancient breed developed in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding, so very little is known for sure about its ancestry.  This problem is exacerbated by the fact that...

Pungsan

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The origin of the Pungsan can be traced back to the 1700s, but some breed historians think they may have originated even earlier, in the 1500s. Some speculate that the Pungsan descended from va...

Pyrenean Shepherd

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Much of the history of the Pyrenean Shepherd has been lost to the ages. What is known is that the Pyrenean Shepherd developed long before any records of dog breeding were kept. This breed may i...

Rabbit Dachshund

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Rabbit Dachshund Long-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
    Numerous theories exist as to the origin of the Longhaired Dachshund variety, each slightly different than the next with no definitive evidence as to which one is actually correct. What...

Rabbit Dachshund Smooth-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The predominant theory regarding the origin of the Miniature, Dwarf and Rabbit Dachshunds is that Standard Smooth Dachshunds were bred with toy terriers or pinschers to reduce their size....

Rabbit Dachshund Wire-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The exact origin of the Wirehaired Dachshund can not be precisely traced, although the most commonly excepted theory regarding the development of the Wirehaired Dachshund is that Smooth Dachsh...

Rafeiro do Alentejo

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  In prehistoric times, a mighty race of canines was used by the ancients in many capacities.  These impressively large and fierce dogs were known as Molossers, named for the Molossian peopl...

Rastreador Brasileiro

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  Although the Rastreador Brasileiro was developed as a unique breed, it can trace its ancestry back to the earliest European settlement of Brazil.  Discovered and claimed for his kingdom by the Port...

Rat Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Developed as a working farm dog, in often remote areas, early Rat Terrier breeders cared very little for pedigrees or paperwork and placed the emphasis on working ability. As a result, much of the...

Redbone Coonhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Throughout the Middle Ages, hunting with hounds was a popular sport among the nobility.  It was important for forming social and political relationships, as well as for enjoyment and recreation.  A...

Rhodesian Ridgeback

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although the Rhodesian Ridgeback was named for the country of Rhodesia, most of the breeds actual development occurred in South Africa.  The breed’s history begins with the Khoi Khoi and San people...

Rottweiler

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Rottweiler is one of oldest surviving herding breeds, with an ancestry that likely extends back to ancient Rome.  This breed was created in an era when few were literate and next to no records...

Rough Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although there is a lot of speculation, virtually nothing is known for sure about the history of the Collie prior to the late 1800’s.  Collie-type dogs originated in an era when almost nothing was...

Russo-European Laika

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the exact origins of Spitz type dogs are unknown, it is believed that all dogs of this type present today originated in arctic regions. Genetic testing of Spitz type dogs has found that...

Saluki

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Saluki is reputed to be one of the oldest, if not the oldest breed of dog found anywhere in the world. There is, however, a great deal of dispute surrounding the origin of the breed, as it cert...

Samoyed

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Due to their remote location of origin and primitive features, the Samoyed is thought to be one of the oldest breeds of dog; a theory that has recently seemingly been confirmed by modern genetic te...

Sapsali

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  Early documentation of the Sapsali places the breed in existence as early as Korea’s Three Kingdom period, circa 37 BC to 668 AD.  Tombs from this period contain murals displaying th...

Schapendoes

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next
  Very little is known with certainty about the origin of the Schapendoes, and almost anything which is claimed is little more than pure speculation.  Much of this mystery has to do with the...

Schillerstovare

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  During the late 1800s, Dr. Adolf Patrick Hamilton, the founder of the SKC, and Per Schiller were both trying to develop a better Stovare type dog and worked cooperatively. Dr. Hamilton used the...

Schipperke

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The smallest of the Belgian shepherds, the Schipperke resembles a shorter than average haired black Pomeranian and is commonly mistaken for a miniature Spitz.  While it is true that the breed does...

Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The generic term Schnauzer, when used in reference to a breed may refer to any one of three known types: the Miniature Schnauzer, the Standard Schnauzer, and the Giant Schnauzer; all of which were...

Schweizer Laufhund

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Schweizer Laufhunds are very old breeds whose history has largely been lost to time.  Since these breeds were developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding, it is imp...

Schwyz Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years

Scottish Deerhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  On display at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, Roman pottery from the 1st century A.D., found in Argyll in western Scotland, shows deer hunts with large, rough coated hounds that r...

Scottish Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Scottish Terrier was not standardized until the end of the 19th Century, but this breed is generally regarded as being considerably older.  Terriers are some of Scotland’s oldest...

Sealyham Terrier

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As a young man Edwardes served with the Royal Welch (archaic spelling, not Welsh) Fusiliers 23rd Regiment, which brought him to Gibralter where he first hunted with Calpe Foxhounds. The memory of t...

Shar Pei

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Brushing Once a Week or Less
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The Shar-Pei was created in a time when few records were kept of dog breeding and in rural areas where literacy was extremely rare.  As a result, very little is known for sure about the origins of...

Shetland Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The first of what would become Shetland Sheepdogs were Spitz-type dogs, most similar to the modern day Icelandic sheepdog. It is likely that the original stock comprised Scandinavian herding do...

Shiba Inu

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Shiba Inu was first developed thousands of years ago, long before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, almost nothing is known with certainty about this dog’s history, other...

Shih Tzu

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  As is the case with most Asian companion dog breeds, the history of the Shih Tzu has been lost in time.  The Shih Tzu is certainly a very old breed, but is also almost certainly not nearly as ancie...

Siberian Husky

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  One of the oldest domesticated breeds of dog, the Siberian Husky traces its earliest ancestry to the harsh tundra of Siberia. Its dense coating and keen intelligence allowed the species to survive...

Skye Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Skye Terrier is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, unique breed of terrier; created long before dog breeding records were kept, and in an area where written records of any kind were rare bef...

Sloughi

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  Almost nothing is known for sure about the history of the Sloughi, as this breed was first developed long before written records were kept of dog breeding, possibly even predating the introduction...

Smooth Collie

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Although the exact history of the breed is somewhat of a mystery, it is certain that it shares the majority of it with the Rough Collie.  As such, for detailed information regarding the...

Smooth Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Smooth Fox Terriers originated in the 1700s, when they began to be more specifically developed by sportsmen for fox hunting. At that juncture in British history, hunting for sport had gained widesp...

Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train
  Very little is known with certainty about the early history of the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier, other than this dog was developed hundreds of years ago, in a time when next to nothing was recorded...

Southern Hound

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The Southern Hound was a very old breed that was developed centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, almost nothing is known for sure about its ancestry....

Spinone Italiano

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Large 55-90 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Spinone Italiano is one of the oldest breeds of gundog, and possibly even predates the use of guns in hunting by over 1000 years.  This breed was created long before written records were kept o...

St. Bernard

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 8 to 10 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The St. Bernard is an old breed, and most of its early history has been lost to time.  However, most of its history from the 1700’s on is fairly well-documented, and much can be inferred about its...

St. John's Water Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: N/A
LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In determining how the Saint John’s Water dog came to be, we are forced to make our assumptions by examining the relevant known history of the region as no historical documentation of its...

Stabyhoun

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Stabyhoun’s ancestors are most likely Spaniels, brought to the Netherlands during the Spanish Occupation (1567-1648), who were probably crossed with the local Frisian pointing dogs. T...

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  This breed is so closely related to the other types that comprise the Bully breed group, please see the history section of the article about Bully breeds for more information about the creation St...

Standard Dachshund

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Standard Dachshund Long-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Everyday LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Numerous theories exist as to the origin of the Longhaired Dachshund variety, each slightly different than the next with no definitive evidence as to which one is actually correct. What we do k...

Standard Dachshund Smooth-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

Standard Dachshund Wire-haired

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The exact origin of the Wirehaired Dachshund can not be precisely traced, although the most commonly excepted theory regarding the development of the Wirehaired Dachshund is that Smooth Dachsh...

Standard Schnauzer

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although few Americans realize this today, the Standard Schnauzer and the German Pinscher were once considered two varieties of the same breed.  When the original standards were written for these d...

Sussex Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  A type of Land Spaniel, the Sussex variety was originally bred in 1795, by Augustus Elliot Fuller, the owner of Rosehill Park Estate, in Sussex County, England.  He is given credit for the...

Swedish Vallhund

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Pembroke Welsh Corgi looks like a stockier version of the Swedish Vallhund; albeit  with even shorter legs and a longer body. The similarity is such that two breeds could be related, having pos...

Tahltan Bear Dog

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  A canine version of Mighty Mouse, the Tahltan Bear Dog dog possesses tremendous power and bravery in a small package. Named for the Talhtan Indian tribes of northwestern Bristish Columbia, thes...

Teddy Roosevelt Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In 1901, Theodore Roosevelt became America’s 26th President.  Roosevelt, better known as Teddy was an avid hunter.  He was often accompanied on his hunting trips by a small pack...

Tibetan Mastiff

BREED BASICS
Size: XX-Large 90-120 lb+ Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Difficult to Train
  There has been, historically, a differentiation in types for the Tibetan Mastiff.  Although sprung from the same litters, these two types of Tibetan Mastiffs differ only in size and build.  The typ...

Tibetan Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  One theory to explain the breed’s prehistory has been provided by Professor Ludvic von Schulmuth, a noted cynologist, who began studying the history of Tibetan dog breeds in the early part of the 2...

Tibetan Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  A truly ancient breed with a much debated ancestry the exact history and lineage of the Tibetan Terrier is unknown; however the breed is believed to have evolved over time from the North Kunlun Mou...

Toy Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: N/A
Grooming: N/A LifeSpan: N/A
Protective Ability: N/A Trainability: N/A
  The history of the Toy Bulldog began with that of the Old English Bulldog, an older variety of the English Bulldog that is now widely (albeit not universally) regarded to be extinct.  There is perh...

Toy Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog
  Developed in the early decades of the twentieth century Toy Fox Terrier, breeders debated about the right size for the dog, some wanting it to remain a toy, while others wanted the dog a bit larger...

Toy Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  For more information on the origin of this breed, please see the History section of the Manchester Terrier article.  

Toy Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
    For more in depth information please visit the "Poodle" main page.      

Utonagan

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The history of the Utonagan is fairly short in nature, dating back to 1987 when five rescue dogs of unknown origin were imported into the United Kingdom from America and bred. These five dogs a...

Vizsla (Shorthaired)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back
  The Vizsla is one of the oldest European dog breeds in existence today, and is well-over 1000 years old.  This breed comes from a time when little to nothing was written about dog breeding, so we d...

Vizsla (Wirehaired)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  In order to create a Vizsla capable of working in cold climates and retrieving birds from icy water Vasas Jozsef, owner of the Csaba Vizsla Kennel in northern Hungary decided to implement a breedi...

Volpino Italiano

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

Weimaraner

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The Weimaraner was molded into its present form during the 1800’s, in and around the city of Weimar.  Although Weimar was the capital of an independent state at the time, it is currently part of Ge...

Weimaraner (Longhair)

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the Longhaired Weimaraner has not yet aquired the recognition of all major American canine organizations, it is recognized by most kennel clubs as the second variety of Weimaraner....

Welsh Sheepdog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  Manuscripts relating to Welsh Law and dating back over 800 years make mention of herding dogs "The herd-dog guards the stock and goes before them in the morning and comes home behind them at night"...

Welsh Springer Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Previously called the Welsh Starter, this breed was used to spring game for hunters. Prior the invention and common use of the gun, the Welsh Springer Spaniel would spring ground fowl toward a net...

Welsh Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  The most commonly held belief is that the Welsh Terrier is the oldest native breed of dog in Britain according to the research of Julian Calder and Alastair Bruce for their book, 'The Oldest - in c...

West Highland White Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train
  The West Highland White Terrier is one of the youngest Terrier breeds, and more of its ancestry is known than most other members of the family.  The Terriers are a group of breeds and landraces ori...

West Siberian Laika

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  Although the exact origins of Spitz type dogs are unknown, it is believed that all dogs of this type present today originated in arctic regions. Genetic testing of Spitz type dogs has found that do...

Whippet

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The Whippet’s history begins with that of the larger Greyhound from which it descended.  A native of England, the Greyhound is an ancient breed, and was already well-established in England by 1014...

Wire Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  British author Gilpin wrote of a Hampshire squire in the 1600s who kept hounds, Spaniels, and Terriers that were clearly part of a country gentleman's sporting group in that century. Paintings...

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train
  The name Griffon is a relatively generic term used to describe a number of European breeds which share a wiry coat.  While most Griffons are hunting breeds, a few have been developed as companion a...

Yorkshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required
  In beginning to delve into the true history and the breeds that went into the development of the Yorkshire Terrier, we (in modern times) have the advantage of being able to quote from various e...