Group 1 (Toys)

Breeds In This Category: 

Affenpinscher

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As with many breeds, the Affenpinscher has no definitive history until around the 19th century in Germany. Here it is well documented that they were used as both companions and common wor...

Australian Silky Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Silky Terrier shares its history with the Australian Terrier until the second half of the 1800’s.  At that time, Australia was becoming more prosperous and more urbanized.  Residents...

Bichon Frise

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

There are very few breeds whose origin is as disputed as that of the Bichon Frise.  There are two commonly suggested origin theories for this breed, and a third less commonly sug...

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In 1926, the American Roswell Eldridge became interested in restoring the original variety of English Toy Spaniel.  He created a prize at the Cruft’s Dog Show of that year.  He planned to...

Chihuahua

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Most of the Chihuahua’s history has been lost in time, as this breed was developed in an era before written records of dog breeding were kept, and quite possibly prior to the advent of wr...

Chinese Crested Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Very little is known about the ancestry of the Chinese Crested Dog. The breed having been created long before organized records of dog breeding was kept.  Additionally, Chinese breeders h...

Brussels Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Brussels Griffon is a native of Belgium, and is named for Brussels, the capital of that nation.  This breed has been gradually developed over several centuries with ancestors extendin...

Havanese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Havanese is of relatively recent origin, but its immediate ancestor, the Blanquito de la Habana, was quite old.  While little of the history of the history of the Havanese is...

Italian Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

While it is true that much is said of the history of the Italian Greyhound, the truth is little of it can be backed up with fact.  What is known is that the Italian Greyhound is likely on...

Japanese Chin

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Japanese Chin was first introduced to the West as a result of Japan.  While the breed was developed and refined in that nation, its original ancestors were native to China.  For many...

King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The name Spaniel comes from the French term, “Chiens des l’Espagnol,” which translates to, “dogs of the Spaniard.”  Because of their name, it is commonly assumed that Spaniels originated...

Lowchen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Lowchen fanciers claim the breed definitively existed as early as 1434, noting the appearance of what appears to be a Lowchen in the painting “The Arnolfini Marriage” by J...

Maltese

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Maltese is one of the oldest known dog breeds, and possibly the oldest surviving European breed.  The Maltese was not only created long before organized records of dog breedi...

Miniature Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

The Miniature Pinscher is certainly an old breed, and has been a resident of Germany for at least 200 years.  Because this breed was created before organized records of dog breeding were...

Papillon

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Papillon is a very old breed, and is in fact one of the oldest known European breeds.  It is generally believed that the Papillon is between 700 and 800 years old, this assertion bein...

Pekingese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The Pekingese was created many centuries before organized records were kept of dog breeding, so most of the early history of the breed has been lost in time.  However, much can be assumed...

Pomeranian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A member of the ancient Spitz type, the Pomeranian was created in an era well before records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the invention writing.  As a result, much...

Pug

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Pug’s history is something of a mystery.  These dogs have long been associated with the nobility of both the Netherlands and England, but most agree that these dogs were originally na...

Tibetan Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

One theory to explain the breed’s prehistory has been provided by Professor Ludvic von Schulmuth, a noted cynologist, who began studying the history of Tibetan dog breeds in the early par...

Tibetan Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

A truly ancient breed with a much debated ancestry the exact history and lineage of the Tibetan Terrier is unknown; however the breed is believed to have evolved over time from the North...

Toy Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information on the origin of this breed, please see the History section of the Manchester Terrier article.

 

Yorkshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In beginning to delve into the true history and the breeds that went into the development of the Yorkshire Terrier, we (in modern times) have the advantage of being able to quote from...

English Toy Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week

 

English Toy Spaniels are companion dogs native to England and have long been the favorites of the English nobility.  The English Toy Spaniel is known in its native country as the King C...