Group 5 (Toys)

Breeds In This Category: 

Affenpinscher

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As with many breeds, the Affenpinscher has no definitive history until around the 19th century in Germany. Here it is well documented that they were used as both companions and common wor...

American Eskimo Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The American Eskimo was developed from members of the Spitz type family of dogs, which in turn had been developed from early Nordic breeds only a few steps removed from the wolf. Around 4...

Australian Silky Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Silky Terrier shares its history with the Australian Terrier until the second half of the 1800’s.  At that time, Australia was becoming more prosperous and more urbanized.  Residents...

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In 1926, the American Roswell Eldridge became interested in restoring the original variety of English Toy Spaniel.  He created a prize at the Cruft’s Dog Show of that year.  He planned to...

Chihuahua

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Most of the Chihuahua’s history has been lost in time, as this breed was developed in an era before written records of dog breeding were kept, and quite possibly prior to the advent of wr...

Chinese Crested Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Very little is known about the ancestry of the Chinese Crested Dog. The breed having been created long before organized records of dog breeding was kept.  Additionally, Chinese breeders h...

Coton de Tulear

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Coton de Tulear was first developed before written records were kept of dog breeding and most of its early history has been lost to time.  Nobody knows for sure how the Coton...

Brussels Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Brussels Griffon is a native of Belgium, and is named for Brussels, the capital of that nation.  This breed has been gradually developed over several centuries with ancestors extendin...

Havanese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Havanese is of relatively recent origin, but its immediate ancestor, the Blanquito de la Habana, was quite old.  While little of the history of the history of the Havanese is...

Italian Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

While it is true that much is said of the history of the Italian Greyhound, the truth is little of it can be backed up with fact.  What is known is that the Italian Greyhound is likely on...

Japanese Chin

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Japanese Chin was first introduced to the West as a result of Japan.  While the breed was developed and refined in that nation, its original ancestors were native to China.  For many...

Maltese

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Maltese is one of the oldest known dog breeds, and possibly the oldest surviving European breed.  The Maltese was not only created long before organized records of dog breedi...

Miniature Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

The Miniature Pinscher is certainly an old breed, and has been a resident of Germany for at least 200 years.  Because this breed was created before organized records of dog breeding were...

Papillon

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Papillon is a very old breed, and is in fact one of the oldest known European breeds.  It is generally believed that the Papillon is between 700 and 800 years old, this assertion bein...

Pekingese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The Pekingese was created many centuries before organized records were kept of dog breeding, so most of the early history of the breed has been lost in time.  However, much can be assumed...

Pomeranian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A member of the ancient Spitz type, the Pomeranian was created in an era well before records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the invention writing.  As a result, much...

Pug

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Pug’s history is something of a mystery.  These dogs have long been associated with the nobility of both the Netherlands and England, but most agree that these dogs were originally na...

Toy Fox Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

Developed in the early decades of the twentieth century Toy Fox Terrier, breeders debated about the right size for the dog, some wanting it to remain a toy, while others wanted the dog a...

Toy Manchester Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information on the origin of this breed, please see the History section of the Manchester Terrier article.

 

Toy Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

   

For more in depth information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

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Mexican Hairless Dog ( Xoloitzcuintli )

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Hairlessness occurs in almost every species of mammal and is considered one of the most common spontaneous gene mutations. Only one Xolo, out of any given litter of four to five puppi...

English Toy Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week

 

English Toy Spaniels are companion dogs native to England and have long been the favorites of the English nobility.  The English Toy Spaniel is known in its native country as the King C...