Companion Dog

Breeds In This Category: 

Affenpinscher

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As with many breeds, the Affenpinscher has no definitive history until around the 19th century in Germany. Here it is well documented that they were used as both companions and common wor...

Bichon Frise

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

There are very few breeds whose origin is as disputed as that of the Bichon Frise.  There are two commonly suggested origin theories for this breed, and a third less commonly sug...

Bolognese

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Bolognese is a very old breed, so old that it was developed many centuries before written records were kept of dog breeding.  As a result, it is almost impossible to make any...

Boston Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Boston Terrier is a relatively modern creation whose early breeders kept very close records and as a result of their diligent records keeping considerably more is known about the ance...

Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size:
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: Varies From One Dog To The Next
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 6 to 8 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The history of few breeds is as disputed as that of the Bulldog.  The Bulldog was created in an era where records of dog breeding did not exist, and was primarily kept by men who were ver...

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

In 1926, the American Roswell Eldridge became interested in restoring the original variety of English Toy Spaniel.  He created a prize at the Cruft’s Dog Show of that year.  He planned to...

Chihuahua

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: Varies According to Type
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Most of the Chihuahua’s history has been lost in time, as this breed was developed in an era before written records of dog breeding were kept, and quite possibly prior to the advent of wr...

Chinese Crested Dog

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

Very little is known about the ancestry of the Chinese Crested Dog. The breed having been created long before organized records of dog breeding was kept.  Additionally, Chinese breeders h...

Chippiparai

BREED BASICS
Size: Large 35-55 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Very Protective Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In India, dog breeders have focused entirely on working ability until the last 50 years or so, especially in the case of working dogs.  Pedigree and pure blood was a very small c...

Coton de Tulear

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Coton de Tulear was first developed before written records were kept of dog breeding and most of its early history has been lost to time.  Nobody knows for sure how the Coton...

Dalmatian

BREED BASICS
Size:
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Varies From One Dog To The Next Trainability: Varies From One Dog To The Next

 

Much has been speculated about the history of this breed, but in truth almost nothing is known for certain. What is known is that they are not the first of their kind as spotted dogs have...

French Bulldog

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The first of what would become the French Bulldog originated in 19th century England.  Lace makers (used to make tablecloths and doilies and in both men's and women's clothing) in Notting...

Brussels Griffon

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Brussels Griffon is a native of Belgium, and is named for Brussels, the capital of that nation.  This breed has been gradually developed over several centuries with ancestors extendin...

Havanese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Havanese is of relatively recent origin, but its immediate ancestor, the Blanquito de la Habana, was quite old.  While little of the history of the history of the Havanese is...

Italian Greyhound

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Brushing Once a Week or Less LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

While it is true that much is said of the history of the Italian Greyhound, the truth is little of it can be backed up with fact.  What is known is that the Italian Greyhound is likely on...

Japanese Chin

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 10 to 12 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Japanese Chin was first introduced to the West as a result of Japan.  While the breed was developed and refined in that nation, its original ancestors were native to China.  For many...

King Charles Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The name Spaniel comes from the French term, “Chiens des l’Espagnol,” which translates to, “dogs of the Spaniard.”  Because of their name, it is commonly assumed that Spaniels originated...

Lhasa Apso

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming:
Everyday
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

Probably one of the most ancient of all dog breeds, the Lhasa Apso was created in a time before written records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the advent of writing;...

Lowchen

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

Lowchen fanciers claim the breed definitively existed as early as 1434, noting the appearance of what appears to be a Lowchen in the painting “The Arnolfini Marriage” by J...

Maltese

BREED BASICS
Size:
XX-Small Under 4 lb
X-Small 4-8 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Maltese is one of the oldest known dog breeds, and possibly the oldest surviving European breed.  The Maltese was not only created long before organized records of dog breedi...

Medium Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Medium 15-35 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

 

Miniature Pinscher

BREED BASICS
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 15 to 18 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog

 

The Miniature Pinscher is certainly an old breed, and has been a resident of Germany for at least 200 years.  Because this breed was created before organized records of dog breeding were...

Miniature Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

For more in depth history please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

Although it is not directly known what the Standard...

Papillon

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The Papillon is a very old breed, and is in fact one of the oldest known European breeds.  It is generally believed that the Papillon is between 700 and 800 years old, this assertion bein...

Pekingese

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back

 

The Pekingese was created many centuries before organized records were kept of dog breeding, so most of the early history of the breed has been lost in time.  However, much can be assumed...

Pomeranian

BREED BASICS
Size:
X-Small 4-8 lb
Small 8-15 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

A member of the ancient Spitz type, the Pomeranian was created in an era well before records were kept of dog breeding and quite possibly before the invention writing.  As a result, much...

Pug

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Rarely LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

The Pug’s history is something of a mystery.  These dogs have long been associated with the nobility of both the Netherlands and England, but most agree that these dogs were originally na...

Russian Toy

BREED BASICS

Russkiy Toy

BREED BASICS

Schipperke

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: High Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Very Easy To Train

 

The smallest of the Belgian shepherds, the Schipperke resembles a shorter than average haired black Pomeranian and is commonly mistaken for a miniature Spitz.  While it is true that the b...

Shih Tzu

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

As is the case with most Asian companion dog breeds, the history of the Shih Tzu has been lost in time.  The Shih Tzu is certainly a very old breed, but is also almost certainly not nearl...

Tibetan Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Difficult to Train

 

One theory to explain the breed’s prehistory has been provided by Professor Ludvic von Schulmuth, a noted cynologist, who began studying the history of Tibetan dog breeds in the early par...

Tibetan Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming:
A Couple Times a Week
Professional Grooming May Be Required
LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Good Watchdog Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

A truly ancient breed with a much debated ancestry the exact history and lineage of the Tibetan Terrier is unknown; however the breed is believed to have evolved over time from the North...

Toy Poodle

BREED BASICS
Size: X-Small 4-8 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

   

For more in depth information please visit the "Poodle" main page.

 

 

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Yorkshire Terrier

BREED BASICS
Size: Small 8-15 lb Energy Level: Medium Energy
Grooming: Professional Grooming May Be Required LifeSpan: 12 to 15 Years
Protective Ability: Fairly Laid Back Trainability: Moderate Effort Required

 

In beginning to delve into the true history and the breeds that went into the development of the Yorkshire Terrier, we (in modern times) have the advantage of being able to quote from...

English Toy Spaniel

BREED BASICS
Size:
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Energy Level: Low Energy
Grooming: A Couple Times a Week

 

English Toy Spaniels are companion dogs native to England and have long been the favorites of the English nobility.  The English Toy Spaniel is known in its native country as the King C...